模板:Cite web

出自維基百科
轉去: 導航

This template is used to cite non-news sources in Wikipedia articles. (See cite sources for general information about citations in Wikipedia articles and see {{cite news}} to learn about citing a news source). This template replaces deprecated template:web reference. It provides lower case parameters only.

A general discussion of the use of templates for adding citation of open-source web content to Wikipedia articles is available at citation templates.

Usage[編寫]

Common forms[編寫]

Common form for cases where little is known about authorship of the page (with current date)

{{cite web |url= |title= |accessdate=2014-10-22 |format= |work= }}

Using last, first and coauthor(s) (with current date)

{{cite web |url= |title= |accessdate=2014-10-22 |last= |first= |coauthors= |date= |work= |publisher=}}

Using author (with current date)

{{cite web |url= |title= |accessdate=2014-10-22 |author= |date= |work= |publisher=}}

Using non-linked retrieved date, last, first

{{cite web |url= |title= |accessmonthday= |accessyear= |last= |first= |date= |work= |publisher= }}

Using non-linked retrieved date, author

{{cite web |url= |title= |accessmonthday= |accessyear= |author= |date= |work= |publisher= }}

All parameters[編寫]

All other parameters, horizontal format (delete the ones you don't need)

{{cite web |url= |title= |accessdate= |accessmonthday= |accessdaymonth= |accessyear= |author= |last= |first= |authorlink= |coauthors= |date= |year= |month= |format= |work= |publisher= |pages= |language= |doi= |archiveurl= |archivedate= |quote= }}

All parameters, vertical format
{{cite web
|url= 
|title= 
|accessdate= 
|accessdaymonth= 
|accessmonthday= 
|accessyear= 
|author= 
|last= 
|first= 
|authorlink= 
|coauthors= 
|date= 
|year= 
|month= 
|format= 
|work= 
|publisher= 
|pages= 
|language= 
|doi= 
|archiveurl= 
|archivedate= 
|quote= 
}}

Required parameters[編寫]

  • url: URL of online item.
  • title: Title of online item.

For producing a wikilinked date of retrieval:

  • accessdate: Full date when item was accessed, in ISO 8601 YYYY-MM-DD format, for example "accessdate = 2014-10-22". Must not be wikilinked

For producing a non-wikilinked date of retrieval:

  • accessmonthday and accessyear: Month and day when item was accessed, for example "accessmonthday = May 10", and year when item was accessed, for example "accessyear = 2006". Produces: Retrieved on May 10, 2006.
  • accessdaymonth and accessyear: Month and day when item was accessed, for example "accessdaymonth= 10 May", and year when item was accessed, for example "accessyear = 2006". Produces: Retrieved on 10 May 2006.

Optional parameters[編寫]

  • author: Author
    • last works with first to produce last, first
    • authorlink works either with author or with last & first to link to the appropriate wikipedia article. Does not work with URLs.
    • coauthors: allows additional authors
  • date: Full date of publication, preferably in ISO 8601 YYYY-MM-DD format, e.g. 2006-02-17. Must not be wikilinked
    • OR: year: Year of publication, and month: Name of the month of publication. If you also have the day, use date instead. Must not be wikilinked.
  • format: Format, e.g. PDF. HTML implied if not specified.
  • work: If this item is part of a larger "work", such as a book, periodical or website, name of that work.
  • publisher: Publisher, if any—for example if the website is hosted by a government service or educational institution
  • pages: pp. 5–7: first page and optional last page. This is for listing the pages relevant to the citation, not the total number of pages in the book.
  • language: language of publication (don't specify "English" as this is the default).
  • doi: A digital object identifier for the document, such as 10.1038/news070508-7
    • Doilabel: If the doi contains some characters that must be escaped, use "doilabel" for the unescaped version. See {{doi}}: "id" is equivalent to "doi" and "label" is "doilabel"
  • archiveurl: URL of the archive location of the item (requires archivedate)
  • archivedate: Date when the item was archived (requires archiveurl), in ISO 8601 YYYY-MM-DD format, e.g. 2006-02-17. Must not be wikilinked; it will be linked automatically.
  • quote: Relevant quote from online item.

Examples[編寫]

Some standard use cases
  • {{cite web |author=Doe, John |title=My favorite things part II |publisher=Open Publishing |date=[[2005-04-30]] |work=Encyclopedia of things |url=http://www.example.org/ |accessdate=2005-07-06 }}
    Doe, John (2005-04-30)。 My favorite things part IIEncyclopedia of things。 Open Publishing。 到2005-07-06尋到。
  • {{cite web |author=Doe, John |title=My favorite things part II |date=[[2005-04-30]] |work=Encyclopedia of things |url=http://www.example.org/ |accessdate=2005-07-06 }}
    Doe, John (2005-04-30)。 My favorite things part IIEncyclopedia of things。 到2005-07-06尋到。
  • {{cite web |author=Doe, John |title=My favorite things part II |date=[[2005-04-30]] |url=http://www.example.org/ |accessdate=2005-07-06 }}
    Doe, John (2005-04-30)。 My favorite things part II。 到2005-07-06尋到。
  • {{cite web |author=Doe, John |title=My favorite things part II |url=http://www.example.org/ |accessdate=2005-07-06 }}
    Doe, John。 My favorite things part II。 到2005-07-06尋到。
  • {{cite web |title=My favorite things part II |url=http://www.example.org/ |accessdate=2005-07-06 }}
    My favorite things part II。 到2005-07-06尋到。
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.nfl.com/fans/ |title=Digest of rules |publisher= National Football League |accessdate=2005-07-06 }}
    Digest of rules。 National Football League。 到2005-07-06尋到。
Non-linking date of retrieval (using accessmonthday and accessyear)
  • {{cite web |title=My favorite things part II |work=Encyclopedia of things |url=http://www.example.org/ |accessmonthday=July 6 |accessyear=2005 }}
    My favorite things part IIEncyclopedia of things。 到2005July 6尋到。
Using format
  • {{cite web |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |publisher=International Narcotics Control Board |url=http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |format=PDF |accessdate=2005-07-06 }}
    List of psychotropic substances under international control (PDF)。 International Narcotics Control Board。 到2005-07-06尋到。
language
  • {{cite web |author=Joliet, François |title=Honnit soit qui mal y pense |date=[[2005-04-30]] |url=http://www.example.org/ |accessdate=2005-07-06 |language=French }}
    Joliet, François (2005-04-30)。 Honnit soit qui mal y pense (French)。 到2005-07-06尋到。
coauthors
  • {{cite web |first=John |last=Doe |coauthors=Smith, Peter; Smythe, Jim |title=My favorite things part II |publisher=Open Publishing |date=[[2005-04-30]] |work=Encyclopedia of things |url=http://www.example.org/ |accessdate=2006-05-16 }}
    Doe, John; Smith, Peter; Smythe, Jim (2005-04-30)。 My favorite things part IIEncyclopedia of things。 Open Publishing。 到2006-05-16尋到。
No author
  • {{cite web |title=My favorite things part II |publisher=Open Publishing |date=[[2005-04-30]] |work=Encyclopedia of things |url=http://www.example.org/ | accessdate=2006-05-16 }}
    My favorite things part IIEncyclopedia of things。 Open Publishing (2005-04-30)。 到2006-05-16尋到。
No author, no publisher
  • {{cite web |title=My favorite things part II |date=[[2005-04-30]] |work=Encyclopedia of things |url=http://www.example.org/ |accessdate=2005-07-06 }}
    My favorite things part IIEncyclopedia of things (2005-04-30)。 到2005-07-06尋到。
  • {{cite web |title=My favorite things part II |date=[[2005-04-30]] |url=http://www.example.org/ |accessdate=2005-07-06}}
    My favorite things part II (2005-04-30)。 到2005-07-06尋到。
Using archiveurl and archivedate to refer to items that went away but are available from an archive site
  • {{cite web |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |date=[[2005-04-30]] |url=http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |format=PDF |accessdate=2005-07-06 |archiveurl=http://www.archive.org/2005-09-11/www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |archivedate=2005-09-11 }}
    List of psychotropic substances under international control (PDF) (2005-04-30)。 到2005-09-11[1]保存到。 到2005-07-06尋到。
  • {{cite web |url=http://joanjettbadrep.com/cgi-bin/fullStory.cgi?archive=currnews&story=20060405-01shore.htm |title=Interview with Maggie Downs |date=[[2006-03-31]] |publisher=The Desert Sun |archiveurl=http://72.14.207.104/search?q=cache:JAxf4v-pQmgJ:joanjettbadrep.com/cgi-bin/fullStory.cgi%3Farchive%3Dcurrnews%26story%3D20060405-01shore.htm |archivedate=2006-04-26 }}
    Interview with Maggie Downs。 The Desert Sun (2006-03-31)。 到2006-04-26[2]保存到。
Using quote
  • {{cite web |title=My favorite things part II |work=Encyclopedia of things |url=http://www.example.org/ |accessdate=2005-07-06 |quote=Lorem ipsum dolor. }}
    My favorite things part IIEncyclopedia of things。 到2005-07-06尋到。 “Lorem ipsum dolor.”
Omitting the title in error
  • {{cite web |work=Encyclopedia of things |url=http://www.example.org/ |accessdate=2005-07-06 |quote=Lorem ipsum dolor. }}
    Error on call to Template:cite web: Parameters url and title must be specified。 Encyclopedia of things。 到2005-07-06尋到。 “Lorem ipsum dolor.”