十四行詩

出自維基百科
轉去: 導航

十四行詩(Sonnet)係西方詩歌裏頭嗰一類押韻詩體。佢來自意大利語嗰sonetto,係話「小調」嗰意思。佢通常使用「弱強五歩格」(iambic pentameter)箇類韻律形式。

主要類別[編寫]

  • 舒本塞十四行詩(Spenserian sonnet)係三隻四行詩(quatrains)同嘚一隻兩行詩(couplet)組成,即「abab bcbc cdcd ee」。
  • 莎士比亞式十四行詩(Shakespeare's sonnet)係三隻四行詩(quatrains)同嘚一隻兩行詩(couplet)組成,即「abab cdcd efef gg」。

示例[編寫]

用韻形式:「a-b-a-b || a-b-a-b || c-d-e || c-d-e」,箇裡頭有兩隻quatrain(四行詩)同得兩隻tercet(三行詩)。

When I consider how my light is spent (a)
 Ere half my days, in this dark world and wide, (b)
 And that one talent which is death to hide, (b)
 Lodged with me useless, though my soul more bent (a)

To serve therewith my Maker, and present (a)
 My true account, lest he returning chide; (b)
 "Doth God exact day-labor, light denied?" (b)
 I fondly ask; but Patience to prevent (a)

That murmur, soon replies, "God doth not need (c)
 Either man's work or his own gifts; who best (d)
 Bear his mild yoke, they serve him best. His state (e)

Is Kingly. Thousands at his bidding speed (c)
 And post o'er land and ocean without rest; (d)
 They also serve who only stand and wait." (e)

別嗰條目[編寫]